O (ne)čitanju knjiga u savremenom svetu

Zoran Milošević

Abstract

Problem nečitanja knjiga postaje sve aktuelniji u savremenom svetu. Nečitanje knjiga je ozbiljan interdisciplinarni kulturni, antropološki i naučni problem, jer time se zapušta jezik, jezička kultura, pismenost, obrazovanost, racionalnosti i analitički duh, a najnovija istraživanja da se time i šteti vlastitom zdravlju, jer svakodneno čitanje i učenje produžava ljudski vek.

Glavni razlozi zbog čega se širi "otpor" prema knjizi su brojni, a istraživači navode nedostatak vremena, prepuštanje zabavnim sadržajima koje emituju mediji, posebno televizija, skupa knjiga, uticaj kapitalističkog sistema (tržišne privrede), koji "ubija kulturu čitanja" dajući prednost komercijalnim izdanjima i piscima takvih dela, dok ozbiljna i stručna dela marginalizuje, a autore nipodaštava tako što stvara sistem da im se neplaća za njihov rad, čime nestaje i interes za bavljenje radom od koga se ne može živeti. Važan deo širenja (ne)kulture čitanja je i odustvo adekvatne državne politike, pre svega Ministrastava kulture, koja su podlegla politici globalizacije i propagiranja stranih kultura.

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About (non) reading books in modern world

Being not much of a reader – it becomes more actual problem of modern world. It’s a great problem of a few scientific disciplines - cultural, anthropological and scientific problem. In that way general knowledge of languages and standard language won’t be on high level, as well as literacy, education, rational and analytic spirit. The latest researches show that everyday reading and learning contribute longevity of lifetime.

There are many reasons for “book antagonism” and researchers indicate missing leisure, amusement offered by media, especially TV. Expansive book and market economy “kill literary culture” giving priority to commercial editions and writers of these works, but
deep and professional works are marginal, authors of such works are slured.They are not payed adequately for their intellectual work and so disappears their interest in intellectual working. Adequate state policy missed, first of all by Ministry of Culture. Serios factors are globalisation and promote of foreign rafinements.

Keywords

kultura; knjige; znanje; obrazovanje; politika; identitet; mediji; culture; books; knowledge; education; policy; identity; media

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