Digitalizacija geografskih karata

Sadžida Šahmanović

Abstract

Digitalizacija karata je koncem 20. stoljeća postala sve prisutnija u bibliotekama širom svijeta, a u skorije vrijeme i u Bosni i Hercegovini. Pored konvencionalnog kartografskog gradiva dobivamo karte i atlase u digitalnoj formi (mikrofilm, diskete i CD). Iskustva onih koji su digitalizirali svoju građu govore da je to do sada najbolji način zaštite starog kartografskog gradiva kao dijela kulturne baštine svake zemlje. Digitalizacija starih geografskih karata nosi i niz problema koji se prethodno moraju riješiti (finansijski, stručni, tehnički i dr.). Nacionalna i univerzitetska biblioteka BiH posjeduje stare geografske karte na kojima je prikazana Bosna i Hercegovina od 16. do 19. stoljeća. U toku rata veliki broj karata je stradao, a izvjestan broj oštećen. Nakon dobivanja prostora i opreme za laboratoriju za zaštitu gradiva, uradili smo primarnu zaštitu najstarijih geografskih karata na kojima je prikazana Bosna i Hercegovina. Koncem prošle godine smo pristupili snimanju karata na CD. Snimljeno je 10 najstarijih i najvrijednijih karata Bosne i Hercegovine (od 16-18. st.). Na taj način smo zaštitili originale od daljeg oštećenja koje bi nastalo usljed izdavanja karata korisnicima. Uskoro ćemo proširiti projekat sa još 30 starih karata, a namjera nam je da ih postavimo na internet. Na taj način bi dio naše kulturne baštine bio dostupan našim korisnicima i široj kulturnoj i znanstvenoj javnosti.

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Digitization of geographic maps

By the end of 20th century, digitizations of maps have become widespread in the libraries worldwide and recently also in libraries of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition to cartographic materials, we also receive maps and atlases in digital form (microfilms, floppy disks and CDs). Experiences have showed that this is the best way of preserving the old cartographic material which is a part of national heritage of each country. Before process of digitization of old geographic maps begins, few problems must be solved out (financial, professional, technical, etc.). National and University Library of BIH owns old geographic maps which show Bosnia and Herzegovina from 16th to 19th century. During the war a great number of maps was destroyed and some were damaged. When the location and equipment for the laboratory for preservation of material were provided, we conducted primary preservation of old BIH maps. By the end of the last year, we have started saving maps to CDs. Ten oldest and the most precious maps (16th-18th c.) were saved to CDs. Thus, we protected the originals from further defects which would have incurred due to users' lending. Soon, we will enlarge this project to 30 old maps, and our intention is to make them available on the Internet. Thus, a part of our cultural heritage would be available to our users and to the general public.

Keywords

digitalizacija; geografske karte; Bosna i Hercegovina; dostupnost; digitization; geographic maps; Bosnia and Herzegovina; available

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