Otvoreni pristup i autorsko pravo

Dragana Bogdanović

Abstract

Digitalne tehnologije omogućile su stvaranje arhiva elektroničkih radova. Tako su ovi naučni repozitoriji postali javno dostupni u režimu otvorenog pristupa. Open access uključuje slobodan i univerzalan pristup i korištenje informacijskog sadržaja baza podataka i drugih digitalnih resursa na internetu. Da bi se zaštitili interesi nositelja autorskih prava radova koji su u režimu otvorenog pristupa, morale su biti unesene mnoge inovacije u zakon o autorskim pravima. Najpoznatija licenca za otvoreni pristup je Licenca kreativne zajednice (Creative Commons Licence – CCL). Prva internacionalna deklaracija o otvorenom pristupu je Budimpeštanska   (inicijativa) (Budapest Open Access Initiative, 2002). 2007. godine utvrđene su osnovne smjernice za primjenu otvorenog pristupa u bibliotekama od strane IFLA (International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions), eIFL (electronic Information for Libraries) i LCA (Library Copyright Alliance koja obuhvata pet najvećih bibliotečkih udruga u SAD).

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OPEN ACCESS AND COPYRIGHT (AUTHOR’S RIGHTS)

Digital tehnologies allowed forming the archival repository of electronic issues. These scientific repositories became publicly available within the open access regime. Open access includes open and universal access and usage of the content data bases and the other internet digital resources. With the aim to protect the interests of the all entitled to the open access regime, many inovations connected with copyright law have had to be
implemented. The most famous open access licence is the Creative Commons Licence – CCL. Budapest Open Access Initiative is the first international declaration of the open access. In 2007, the implementation of fundamental principles of the open acces in the libraries were confirmed by IFLA (International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions), eIFL (electronic Information for Libraries) and LCA (Library Copyright Alliance
which involved five greatest library associations in the USA Key words : open access, digital repositories, Creative Commons Licence – CCL, copyright, Budapest Open Access Initiative

Keywords

otvoreni pristup; digitalni repozitoriji; Licenca kreativne zajednice (Creative Commons Licence – CCL); autorsko pravo; Budimpeštanska inicijativa za otvoreni pristup (Budapest Open Access Initiative); open access; digital repositories

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