Razvoj sefardske književnosti u BiH

Lejla Podgora

Abstract

Jevreji Sefardi su u Bosnu došli prije nekoliko vijekova i već tada su imali svoju tradiciju, kako pismenosti tako i svega ostalog, čime se mogao pohvaliti mali broj naroda u tom periodu. Njihova bogata narodna književnost najbolji je dokaz navedene tvrdnje. Bosanske sefardske romanse, complas, itd, zauzimaju značajno mjesto u raznim antologijama usmene književnosti. S početka je ta književnost bila imanentno religioznog karaktera, da bi na prelazu iz 19. u 20. vijek dobila predznak - svjetovna, Naime, nakon dugogodišnje izolovanosti bosanski Sefardi aktivno se uključuju u život sredine u kojoj žive. Tako i dolazi do rađanja nove (svjetovne) književnosti kod Sefarda. Nekoliko puta u historiji ta je kultura dovedena u pitanje, pa i sam opstanak Jevreja, ali uprkos svemu, taj narod je preživio.

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Jews came to Bosnia few centuries ago, with their tradition, alphabet and everything else what was part of their culture. Not many nations have these references in that period. Their rich oral literature is the best proof of that fact. Bosnian Sephardic romancero, complas etc. have very important place in different world's anthologies of the oral literature. This literature had religious character at the beginning of its existence, but at end of 19. Century and at the beginning of 20. century it has become nonreligious. Sephardic Jews became a very important part of the culture in the country where they lived. This was a reason why a new literature was born. Jews and their culture were at the edge of their existence several times in modern history, but in spite of everything this people survived.

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